Tag: Glossary

Wet-on-Wet

The above wet-on-wet painting tutorial demonstrates how the technique works as a watercolor pencil technique. (Farmers’ Market Peonies, Kristy Ann Kutch, 2002, watercolor pencil on hot-pressed watercolor paper, 15 x 20 inches.) What is wet on wet painting? Also known as wet-in-wet or direct painting, it is a technique in which wet color is applied…

Color Value

To understand a hue's value on a color mixing chart, imagine what shade it would be if it were turned into a black-and-white photograph. Color value definition Color values describe the degree of lightness and darkness of a color. Determining the hue value of the color you will paint is one of the first steps…

Vanishing Point (perspective)

The above image demonstrates a vanishing point in one-point perspective, the simplest form of drawing perspective. What is a vanishing point in art? In drawing, vanishing points are the points at which lines appear to converge. It is a fundamental concept of composition and perspective drawing. How to draw vanishing point perspective Start by establishing…

Wash (painting)

The above image compares three related painting techniques that often get confused: washing, scumbling and glazing. What is a paint wash? Put simply, wash painting is a hue or tint applied in a thin transparent layer. Color wash painting Washes should be applied loosely in the very beginning stages of painting. To create a wash,…

Trompe- lOeil

Today, trompe-l'oeil has expanded in a new direction from the classical tendencies of days gone by. (Everything Nice by Debra Teare, 2007, oil, 13 x 10. Collection Christine E. Lynn.) What is trompe-l’oeil? A type of painting, usually a still life, which by means of illusionist devices persuades the viewer that he/she is looking at actual objects…

Underpainting

Grisaille is a common underpainting technique that establishes values before color is applied. (Stage two of the Lady in White oil painting demo by Johnnie Lilliedahl, 2005, oil, 30 x 24 inches.) What is underpainting? An initial layer of paint applied to a ground, which serves as a base for subsequent layers of paint and helps…

Paper Tooth

As you can see from the evident texture, this paper has a good amount of tooth. What is paper tooth in art? A slight roughness or coarseness in the surface of the painting ground that assists in the application and bonding of subsequent coats of paint. How to choose paper with the right tooth There…

Tinting Color

This artist has used tint in art to create light shades of blue appropriate for the sky. Tinting color To tint art is is the process of adding white pigment to a color to lighten it. It is the opposite of shading, or adding black pigment to a color to darken it. How to create…

Silverpoint/Goldpoint

Silverpoint styluses abound in various types, and can often also be used with gold tips for goldpoint. What is silverpoint drawing? Also known as metalpoint, silverpoint is an ancient technique in which silver wire is applied to paper with a stylus in the same manner as a pencil. The gauge of wire used is somewhat determined…

Shellac (paint varnish)

In its raw form, shellac comes in flakes that you can dissolve in alcohol. What is shellac? Often confused with tree resin and lacquer, shellac is an excretion gathered from the lac insect that is useful as a sizing or an isolating varnish between paint layers. Because of its origins, it is not vegan, but…

Resin (paint varnish)

For centuries, oil varnishes have been commonly made from resin. What is resin? In the context of art resin is a hard, amorphous substance used in varnishes and binding mediums for paints such as acrylics. Resins can be found in the secretions of trees or made synthetically. They are used to create sculptures in mixed…

Scumbling (technique)

Scumbling is sometimes confused with washing and glazing by oil painting beginners. What is scumbling painting? A scumble glaze is a painting technique in which semi-opaque or thin opaque colors are lightly brushed over an underpainted area so that patches of the previous color show through.  Also a method of mixing two colors on the…