An initial layer of paint applied to a ground, which serves as a base for subsequent layers of paint and helps to define color values for later painting.
A painting technique in which semi-opaque or thin opaque colors are lightly brushed over an underpainted area so that patches of the previous color show through. Also a method of mixing two colors on the canvas together, pulling each color from opposite directions in a figure eight technique so that...
A long stick, one end of which the painter holds in one hand, to support and steady his/her brush-holding hand. The other end of the stick is padded and rests on the canvas.
The texture produced by the thickness of pigment in a painting.
A wash or glaze of thin color used to tone down a white surface before painting on it.
A transparent layer of paint applied over a ground or another paint layer of a different color.
Also known as 'direct painting,' alla prima is a one-layer painting technique in which the painting (usually painted from life) is completed in one sitting or while the paint is still wet.