Especially since the mid-1800s, many artists have stressed color over other elements in painting. The Impressionists are notable examples. Monet, for instance, explored how to paint light and its effects on the colorful scenes he saw in his mind's eye. Although many think of Monet as a painter of colors, he is perhaps more accurately described as the original "painter of light."
|Woman with a Parasol – Madame Monet and Her Son
by Claude Monet, 1875, oil on canvas.
Adapted from an article by Bob Bahr.
Paintings fail or succeed most often because of how accurate the values are in the work rather than because of poor color choices or color mixing. The viewer "reads" a painting through its values, and a composition relies on how light and dark values are arranged. The problem is that beginner painting artists often see a color's hue and chroma instead of its value.
Painting a grisaille (a composition in shades of gray) before applying colors can help us in matching the correct values in a scene to a desired hue in the proper value. A few exercises juxtaposing values on a grayscale with various local colors also help in training our eyes.
"The best way to understand color is working with it," says Laura Antonow, who teaches a class on color theory in the art department at The University of Mississippi. "Learning how to mix paint, matching paints or fabrics, looking at colors in daylight and then under artificial light-all of these can help develop your color sensitivity."
Antonow also stresses that painting artists should be vigilant about one painting art misconception: that color exists in a vacuum. "When considering a certain color, people forget to take into consideration the surrounding colors, the lighting conditions, and even the cultural context, all of which are extremely important to the way a color appears," she says.
Beyond encouraging trial-and-error color experimentation, Antonow also suggests reading about color theory from authors such as Josef Albers, Albert H. Munsell, Johannes Itten, and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. She also recommends paying close attention to the work of artists known for their dynamic use of color, such as Wassily Kandinsky and Mark Rothko.
You can discover more painting techniques and painting tips from trusted artists and instructors in the latest issue of The Artist's Magazine. Be sure to flip directly to the Road Test feature to read more on the acrylics to reach for, including Amsterdam Acrylics, known for their brilliant colors and buttery application. Enjoy!